Rendi AR & VR parte della tua realtà. After the success of the Mushak, the Super Mushak and the state-of-art Karakoram-8 advanced training jet were produced. [176] The Navy heavily depended on American-built naval technology and operated a large infrastructure from 1947 to 1971. Standard yellowish khaki (on right) as both ACU and the ASU, 1994. The Director General for Inter-Services Intelligence is the head of the ISI and also the principal adviser to the Prime Minister and President of Pakistan; the ISI reports directly to the prime minister. [citation needed] In the 1990s, additional reforms of the military eventually changed the order of precedence to "Army-Navy-Air Force-Marines"; though the Marines fully remained part of the Navy and did not function as a separate service branch as is the case with the U.S.[26][self-published source? [45] With these tests, Pakistan became the seventh nation to achieve the status of a nuclear power. [124] The differences in tier levels reflect whether their competence extends to officers or enlisted personnel, and the severity of the punishment that may be imposed. [199][200] Pakistani lawmakers and public policy advocates have also been stopped and warned by the intelligence agencies from criticizing the Pakistani military, specifically the department of army. Pakistan President Zia-ul-Haq's military administration policy reflected extremist views towards the Shiites and caused religious tensions to rise between Sunni and Shiites in Pakistan, much to the discomfort of Iran. Primi passi Da leggere obnligatoriamente. Forțele armate ale Bulgariei reprezintă armata Bulgariei. [49] It is an all-volunteer military, but conscription can be enacted at the request of the president with the approval of the parliament of Pakistan. [70][71], When India proved reluctant to supply Sri Lanka with weapons, the insurgency-plagued island nation turned to Pakistan. L'Esercito pakistano (in Urdu پاک فوج Pak Fauj) è la componente terrestre delle forze armate pakistane. The army has also been an active participant in UN peacekeeping missions. Pakistan; Philippines; Qatar; Rome; Russia; Russian Empire; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Korea; South Vietnam; Soviet Union; Sri Lanka; Syria; Tajikistan; Thailand; Turkey; Turkmenistan; United Arab Emirates; Uzbekistan; Vietnam; Yemen; Subcategories. China's relationship with Pakistan holds great importance for both countries in terms of common interest and geopolitical strategy. [59], In the military, the service dress, however, remains yellowish khaki for the Army; plain white service dress for the Navy (including the Marines). [119] The Islamabad-based Strategic Force Organization (SFO) has a three-tier system which forms by combining the Nuclear Command Authority, Strategic Plans Division Force (SPD Force), and each of three Inter-Services strategic force commands. Examples translated by humans: hadsereg, hadsereg:% 1, a hadsereg tagja, hadseregfelügyelő. [178] During the same time, the Navy engaged in a process of self-reliance and negotiated with China for assistance. By 1999, the KSEW had built its first long-range attack submarine, the Agosta 90B, which featured air-independent propulsion (AIP) technology purchased from France in 1995. About 69,000 affected IDPs were treated in Navy and Marines medical camps. [124] The identities of active-duty uniformed JAG officials are kept classified and no details of such individuals are made available to media. All military industrial materials and weapons systems were either inherited or purchased from the United Kingdom.[125]. [8] The chain of command of the Pakistan Armed Forces is organized under the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (JCSC) alongside the chiefs of staff of the Army, Navy, and Air Force. [198] Appointments for military offices and for command of the Pakistan Rangers, Coast Guards, National Guards, and Frontier Corps are made by the army while the Navy appoints the Maritime Security Agency as part of the external billets commission. Übersetzungen des Wort PAKISTANE from italienisch bis deutsch und Beispiele für die Verwendung von "PAKISTANE" in einem Satz mit ihren Übersetzungen: Flirtava con la principesse pakistane . As of 2016, 70 JF-17s are operational and have replaced 50 Mirage IIIs and F-7Ps. In 1996, Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Jehangir Karamat, described the Pakistan Armed Forces' relations with civilian society: In my opinion, if we have to repeat of past events then we must understand that Military leaders can pressure only up to a point. Il Capo di stato maggiore dell'esercito pakistano è un generale a quattro stelle ed è nominato dal presidente che deve consultarsi e ricevere la conferma dal primo ministro. [8], Since the 1963 Sino-Pakistan Agreement, the Pakistani military has had close relations with China, working jointly to develop the JF-17, the K-8, and various weapons systems. Trend graph: 24h • 7 Tage • 30 Tage • Jahr • UTC-Zeit. [citation needed] On some occasions, air force officers been appointed to corporate positions at Pakistan's Civil Aviation Authority as deputies. [27] As an institution, the armed forces have been integrated into Pakistani civil society since the establishment of the country in 1947. A Pakistan Air Force service uniform, 1974, A traditional white navy service dress, 2008. [19][clarification needed] Since the founding of Pakistan, the military has played a key role in holding the state together, promoting a feeling of nationhood and providing a bastion of selfless service. These wide swings of fortune are something to which the Pakistanis have become accustomed, and they recognise that, whatever the provocation, the relationship with the United States has too much potential benefit to be discarded lightly. [101] According to Air Force statistics, the air force conducted approximately 693 relief operations in Pakistan and abroad during the fiscal period 1998–2008. The military relationship continued even after the Iranian revolution, as Pakistan was among the first countries to recognise the new Iranian government. [citation needed] The Pakistan Air Force (PAF) uniform was primarily based on the Royal Air Force uniform, with bluish-grey as its reporting colour markings. [124] Former servicemen in civilian life who are accused of felonies committed while on active duty are liable for prosecution under the jurisdiction of military courts. Recently, major joint-operations undertaken by the army include Operation Black Thunderstorm and Operation Rah-e-Nijat, against armed insurgents within Pakistan. [64] Promotion to the JCO, however, remains a lucrative and powerful incentive for the enlisted military personnel; thus, if JCO ranks are ever phased out, it will probably be a slow process.[64]. Karachi Shipyard and Engineering Works Ltd. 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[138], The Army Aviation Corps reportedly operates about 250 aircraft, including 40 AH-1 Cobra combat helicopters. Pakistan has enjoyed strong military co-operation with the Iranian military since the 1950s. Institute for Strategic Studies, Research and Analysis, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 21:59. [119] The NCA supervises and forms a tight control of the strategic organisations related to the research and development in Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). Übersetzung im Kontext von „forze armate“ in Italienisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: delle forze armate, alle forze armate, dalle forze armate, nelle forze armate, membri delle forze armate [200], Inter-Services Flag of the Pakistan Armed Forces, Uniforms and Camouflage codes of the Pakistan Armed Forces, 1947–present, Defence contractors and explosive engineering. 1. an anderen Orten gesehen. [125] New military policy oversaw the establishment of Heavy Industries Taxila (HIT) in Taxila and the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC) in Kamra, north of Islamabad. 1h 2h 3h 4h 5h 6h 7h 8h 9h 10h 11h 12h 13h 14h 15h 16h 17h 18h 19h 20h 21h 22h 23h 24h. "Pakistan's Oversized Submarine Ambitions" by Andrew Detsch, 9 October 2013; The Military Balance 2010, p. 367, International Institute for Strategic Studies (London, 2010). Rear Admiral Bashir Ahmed is currently serving as the Commandant of Marines. Il Pakistan è l'unica nazione del mondo islamico che ha delle donne in posizioni di comando militare importanti. "[76] With the support of US Secretary of State Colin Powell, Pakistan was designated a "major non-NATO ally" in 2004. The Army Strategic Forces Command operates a wide range of missile systems in its arsenal. Ministerul Apărării este responsabil de conducerea politică, în timp ce comanda militară rămâne în mâinile Statului Major General, condus de șeful Marelui Stat Major. Jack Emilton--Replies Traductions en contexte de "vicecomandante delle forze armate" en italien-français avec Reverso Context : Mostafa Mohammad Najjar, attuale ministro agli Interni, già vicecomandante delle forze armate per l'applicazione della legge; [137] The army has a wide range of corporate (e.g. Pakistan Navy's sailors wearing anti-flash gear while operating a Guided missile frigate, PNS Alamgir. The SPD's own force called SPD Force is responsible for security of nuclear weapons while the strategic forces commands of the air force, army, and navy exercise the deployments and eventual usage of the WMDs. [140] Domestic innovation resulted in the successful development of G3A3 rifles, Anza missile systems, and Al-Zarrar and Al-Khalid main battle tanks (MBTs). [36] As of 2014,[update] the military has been conducting counter-insurgency operations along the border areas of Afghanistan, while continuing to participate in several United Nations peacekeeping operations. [167] Other major developments continue to be under development by the local aerospace industries;[168] some of its electronic systems were exhibited in IDEAS 2014 held in Karachi.[169][relevant? – discuss] Since the 1960s, the PAF has held regular combat exercises, such as Exercise Saffron Bandit and Exercise High Mark, modelled on the USAF Weapons School; many authors believe the PAF is capable of mastering the methods of "toss bombing" since the 1990s. [citation needed] To provide better co-ordination and eliminate competition, the National Intelligence Directorate (NID) was established in 2014. [124] The army has a four-tier system; the air force, navy, and marines have a three-tier systems. The JCO grades in the Pakistani military are a continuation of the former Viceroy of India's commissioned pay grades during the British colonial period. [58] The Army uniform consisted of plain yellowish khaki, which was the standard issue as both the combat uniform (ACU) and the service uniform (ASU). A large number of Pakistan Armed Forces personnel are deployed overseas as part of the United Nations' peacekeeping missions. The PAF plans to replace all F-7Ps and Mirage III/5 aircraft by 2020. A major reorganization of the armed forces continues. "[116], In January 2000, the head of United States Central Command, General Anthony Zinni, told NBC that longtime assumptions that India had an edge in the South Asian strategic balance of power were questionable at best. Last Post Date. A combat division commanded by Major-General Zia-ul-Haq was instrumental in putting down the Palestinian Black September revolt against King Hussein in Jordan in the early 1970s. An army, Its Role and Rule: A History of the Pakistan Army from Independence to Kargil, 1947–1999. Traduzioni in contesto per "parte delle forze armate" in italiano-spagnolo da Reverso Context: Il Consiglio nazionale per la pace ha registrato numerosi attacchi da parte delle forze armate durante proteste pacifiche. [125] By 1963, the Defence Science and Technology Organization (DESTO) was formed by POF Director Hafeez for the purposes of military research and development. [85], A small unit of Pakistan Marines have, since 1990, operated reconnaissance units to deter the Indian Army's actions in the Sir Creek region. [154][155][156] The F-7PG will be replaced later, and the JF-17 fleet may eventually be expanded to 300 aircraft. L'Esercito pakistano è la componente terrestre delle forze armate pakistane. [125], After the success of its major projects in the defence industry, the Defence Export Promotion Organization (DEPO) was created to promote Pakistani defence equipment to the world by hosting the International Defence Exhibition and Seminar (IDEAS), which is held biennially at the Karachi expo center. "Military Inc. Translation for 'pakistani forces' in the free English-Italian dictionary and many other Italian translations. [60], The Army's standard UCP is based on a pixelated version of the region's arid desert patterns. [124], At the time of the creation of Pakistan, the country had virtually no military industry or production capability. Beyond that their own position starts getting undermined because the military is after all a mirror image of the civil society from which it is drawn. [201] Elected officials and the lawmakers have been forced to come under military rule for over 30 years of Pakistan's existence. [45][clarification needed], Following military failures in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 and Bangladesh Liberation War, federal studies on civil–military relations were held by a commission led by Hamoodur Rahman, Chief Justice of Pakistan. Brazil China Egypt France Germany Italy Jordan Russia Romania Sweden Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom United States, The Pakistan Armed Forces (Urdu: پاکستان مسلح افواج‎, romanized: Pākistān Musāllah Afwāj; pronounced [ˈpaːkɪstaːn mʊsaːləɦ əfwaːdʒ]) are the combined military forces of Pakistan. [121] The NID serves a similar purpose as the U.S. National Intelligence Estimate, providing statistical analysis and counter-insurgency recommendations at all levels of command.[122]. [21] Other foreign deployments have consisted of Pakistani military personnel serving as military advisers in various African and Arab countries. Il Pakistan è l'unica nazione del mondo islamico che ha delle donne in posizioni di comando militare importanti. Ahsan, in a view to co-ordinate military intelligence from each major service branch and provide an inter-service intelligence estimate. I cristiani in Pakistan confidano nell'operato delle forze di sicurezza. By 1951, Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan had established the Pakistan Ordnance Factory (POF) in Wah Military District, with a civilian chemist, Dr. Abdul Hafeez, serving as director and senior scientist. È ampiamente noto che le forze armate pakistane dominano l'economia e l'amministrazione del paese. Other than a greenish flight suit and a standard service dress, the Air Forces's Airman Battle Uniform (ABU) camouflage features a variation of the six-colour desert pattern. [60] Slight colour variations have been noted. The SSW is designed to execute difficult aerial and land operations, serving as equivalent to the US Air Force's Special Tactics Squadron units. [188][189][190] It shares the Navy's rank code, but conducts its combined combat training with army at Pakistan Military Academy Kakul and School of Infantry in Quetta. Es ist allgemein bekannt, dass die Armee die pakistanische Wirtschaft und Verwaltung beherrscht. [60] The Marines have a woodland pattern featuring light brown, olive green and dark blue shapes on a tan or light olive background. [187] The Marines saw their first combat actions in amphibious operations during the Bangladesh Liberation War, fighting against the Indian Army. [47], As of 2010,[update] estimations by national and international bodies were that approximately 654,000 people[48] were on active duty in the three main service branches, with an additional 482,000 serving in paramilitary forces[48] and 550,000 in reserve. [178] Pakistan's role in the War on Terror led to a rapid modernisation, which saw the induction of the PNS Alamgir anti-submarine warship in 2011. [194] Almost an entire combat contingent of Marines were deployed in Sindh and Southern Punjab to lead the flood-relief operations in 2014. Pakistan Armed Forces (Acting in Aid of the Civil Power) Ordinance, 1998 Ordinance XII of 1998 An Ordinance to enumerate the powers and duties of the Armed Forces acting in aid of civil power for the achievement of the objects of the Order made under paragraph (c) of clause (2) of Article 232 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on the 30th October, 1998 900 SPD soldiers pass graduation from Abbotabad centers, 20 April 2012, CNBC Pakistan. [124] Since 1971, the military budget of the armed forces grew by 200% in support of armed forces contingency operations. Heute Nov 03 Nov 02 Nov 01 Okt 31 Okt 30 Okt 29. [15] The military has traditionally had a large pool of volunteers, and therefore conscription has never been brought into effect, although both the Constitution of Pakistan and supplementary legislation allow for conscription in a state of war.[16]. [120] While intelligence operatives are recruited from each service, including civilians, the ISI has become very powerful and influential. Pakistan's defence exports were reportedly worth over US$200 million in 2006, and have continued to grow since. Traduzioni di frase THE PAKISTAN ARMED FORCES da inglese a italiano ed esempi di utilizzo di "THE PAKISTAN ARMED FORCES" in una frase con le loro traduzioni: The pakistan … [14] Since then, they have played a decisive role in the modern history of Pakistan, most notably due to fighting major wars with India in 1947–1948, 1965 and 1971. Obaidullah. [citation needed] Tentative estimates of the division's size are put at four battalions but the actual strength is kept highly classified. A single command structure Air Headquarters (AHQ) is based at Rawalpindi Cantt, adjacent to the Joint staff HQ. [190], As of current appointment,[when?] [97] The military has been involved in building much of the country's infrastructure (such as dams, bridges, canals, power stations, and energy projects) and civil–military input from all sections of the armed forces has helped to build a stable society and professionalism in the armed forces. [49], Brought into existence in 1947 with the establishment of the Pakistan Air Force Academy, the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) is regarded as a "powerful defence component of the country's defence. [13] Alongside this, the Pakistani military also maintains close relations with the United States, which gave Pakistan major non-NATO ally status in 2004. The relationship further deteriorated in the 1990s when the Taliban, with Pakistan's support, began their rule of Afghanistan. : Askari Bank), and political interests, and on many occasions has seized control of the civilian government to restore order in the country. Comparison of US Army and Pakistan Army's UCP, 2013. Inside Pakistan's Military Economy" Karachi: Oxford University Press(2007). Relations became difficult following the Soviet–Afghan War, when hundreds of foreign fighters (mostly Sunni Arabs) arrived in Pakistan to take part in the Afghan Jihad. China is also the largest investor in the Gwadar Deep Sea Port, which is strategically located at the mouth of the Strait of Hormuz. According to the views of Russian scholar Anatol Lieven, the Pakistan Armed Forces play a vital role in keeping the Pakistani state together, promoting a spirit of unity and nationhood, and providing a bastion of selfless service to the nation. [103] In the Navy's own admission, it had provided 43,850 kilograms (96,670 lb) of food and relief goods to flood victims; this included 5,700 kg of ready-to-cook food, 1,000 kg of dates and 5,000 kg of food dispatched to Sukkur. Forze armate americane numeri United States Army - Wikipedi . Initiatives taken towards consolidating strategic infrastructure led to the establishment, in 2000, of the Nuclear Command Authority (NCA), which oversees the policy, military control, development, and deployment of the country's tactical and strategic nuclear arsenals. [164][165][166] The fleet of FT-5 and T-37 trainers is to be replaced with approximately 75 K-8 Karakorum intermediate jet training aircraft. 24/11/2014 - Last Saturday, after a 4-day break, the Pakistani naval naval vessel PNS Alamgir left the naval station in Mar Grande and concluded its stay in the port of Taranto. As such, Pakistan procures the bulk of its military equipment from China, the United States and its own domestic suppliers. [174], A single command structure known as Naval Headquarters (NHQ) is based at the Rawalpindi Cantt, adjacent to the Joint Staff HQ. The Special Service Wing (SSW) is the newest special operations commando division, established by the Pakistan Air Force in 2004, in the wake of challenges posed by the Afghanistan war. [161] In 2010, the air force procured at least 18 newly built F-16C/D Block 52s under the Peace Gate-II[clarification needed] by the United States. [109], The Pakistan Armed Forces parades take place on 23 March, which is celebrated as Youm-e-Pakistan (Pakistan Day). [81][82], Pakistan's close ties to the nations of the Middle East, based on geography and shared religion, have led to periodic military deployments since the 1960s. ], Between 1947 and 1971, Pakistan fought three direct conventional wars against India, with the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 witnessing the secession of East Pakistan as the independent state of Bangladesh. [111], Under a public policy guidance, strategic weapons and projects are researched and developed entirely by civilian scientists and engineers, who also develop a wide range of delivery systems. 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